The health authorities of Peru and Latin America have recommended that a person affected by Covid-19 coronavirus be referred to their home if the case is not serious , for better attention to the condition and recovery, but following medical recommendations.
Today the Ministry of Health (Minsa) specified that in this way the spread of the disease to people in vulnerable situations is avoided , but how should the care of a coronavirus patient be at home or at home?
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In this regard, the Ministry, through the director of the Directorate of Strategic Interventions in Public Health of the Ministry, Ángel Gonzales, made the following recommendations:
Room must be ventilated
The patient should remain in a properly ventilated single room (windows and door open) , and should not go to work, school, meetings, or events.
No physical activity
The patient should rest and avoid activities that demand physical activity.
Fewer shared spaces
Minimize the use of shared spaces (kitchen, living room, among others) and these spaces must be well ventilated (leaving windows open). If possible, you should use a separate bathroom. This should be cleaned every day with a homemade disinfectant.
No visitors and a caregiver
Limit the number of people who take care of you, assign a person who is in good health and not without risky diseases or pregnant. Do not allow visits.
Drink liquids, broths, sports drinks
It is important that the patient ingest adequate liquids such as water, broths, sports drinks, drinks with electrolytes for babies, to avoid dehydration. In addition, you should cover your mouth when you cough and sneeze with your elbow flexion, or use disposable tissues.
Frequent hand washing
Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 to 30 seconds , lathering, or using an alcohol-based lotion, especially after using disposable tissues and coughing or sneezing into your hands.
Wear a simple mask if you have to be in common areas of the house or close to other people and whenever you go to the doctor and avoid contact with animals.
For his part, the director of the Integrated Networks Directorate of Lima Centro, Alfredo Centurión, pointed out that hospitals and health centers of the first level of care in his jurisdiction constantly hold demonstration sessions of correct hand washing with soap and water, minimum 20 seconds, one of the most effective measures to prevent this disease.
People caring for a Covid 19 patient can catch it and, in turn, spread the disease to others, even before symptoms appear. Therefore, follow these recommendations:
Use of masks
It is important that those who care for a sick person wear a mask or face mask when leaving their home to avoid transmitting the disease in case they are newly infected.
For handling used handkerchiefs, clothing or during each patient care procedure, disposable gloves should be used and hand washing should be performed using the correct technique. Hands should be washed with soap and water or with alcohol-based hand lotion after touching a sick person, handling their used handkerchiefs or clothing.
Use masks correctly
It is also recommended to use a simple mask every time you enter the patient’s room . “Used masks should be removed from the face without touching the front, only the sides and immediately thrown in the trash so that no one else touches them,” noted Dr. Centurion
After removing the mask, wash your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based disinfectant. Do not reuse masks or gloves.
People who return to Peru
People who present fever, cough and headache and who have come 14 days before an infected area such as Spain, Italy, Japan, Korea, among other countries, should contact 113 health to receive the necessary guidance and attention.